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What is Thyroid and how it affects a human body?
A thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ and has two cone-like wings in the front of your neck. Though it looks small, its job compromises of immense responsibility in one’s body especially in teenage children. One of the main functions of the thyroid is to increase the metabolism rate and growth of a young body. To do that, it extracts iodine from the food and water you consume and stores in the thyroid. For creating hormones in your body, iodine is combined with an essential amino acid called as tyro-sine. Thus, thyroid hormones are secreted and expanded all through your body via blood streams promoting the body for healthier bone structure, attaining puberty level and other functions of the body. Thyroid hormones are one of the decision makers in making your body reach its functional level as you age.
Thyroid, its causes and symptoms
There are two types of causes – 1. Hyperthyroidism and 2. Hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism happens when the thyroid releases more hormones than is required for your body. It can also be called as “overactive thyroid”. A recent study shows that women are 10 times likely to undergo hyperthyroidism than men. Hyperthyroidism can further be differentiated into two parts such as Graves’ disease and Thyroiditis. Graves’ disease happens when the autoimmune system creates an object to make a large amount of thyroid hormones whereas thyroiditis occurs when a bacteria in the immune system causes the inflammation in the thyroid thus releasing hormones in the blood vessels. Overactive thyroid, if not treated properly can lead to miscarriage, multiple heartbeats, osteoporosis etc.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms may include –
- weight loss,
- shivering in their hands,
- excessive sweating,
- nervousness etc.
Some people even complain of lack of sleep, enlarged goiter or change in their bowel patterns.
On the contrary, Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid glands cannot function enough hormones for the body which leads to fatigue and droopiness. Hypothyroidism can lead to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis also known as autoimmune disease. Autoimmune disease happens when the resistance power attacks its own tissues including thyroid gland too. Several symptoms can be related to Hypothyroidism such as feeling lethargic, excessive sleep, rough and dry hair, constipation, etc. Certain people have also experienced increased in their cholesterol levels and even swelling in their legs.
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